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2007-11-24 15:14:03|  分类: 拉丁热浪 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Introduction

1.

The Portuguese Alphabet

2.

Pronunciation Guide

3.

Regional Pronunciations

4.

Accents used in Portuguese

5.

Similarities between Portuguese and English

6.

More examples of similar words

1. The Portuguese Alphabet

A B C D E F G H I J L M N O P Q R S T U V X Z

Clickfor MP3 audio files

The Portuguese alphabet consists of 23 letters (18 consonants and 5 vowels).

The letters K, W and Y do not belong to the Portuguese alphabet, but they can be used in names (Wagner/Wilson/Yara/Amaury) or with international terms (kg/km/watt, etc.).

Remark: It is important to know how to pronounce the alphabet as sometimes you have to spell your name or ask people to spell something for you.

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2. Pronunciation Guide

The comparison with English words should help you pronounce the words correctly in Portuguese. Please note that not every sound can be reproduced in written form.

LETTER PORTUGUESE MEANING SOUND

ENGLISH

A aluno

student

sounds like [a]

father

alemã German nasal sound

--  

B bala candy sounds like [b] bay
C casa house ca/co/cu sounds like [k] key
cedo early ce/ci sounds like [s] city
Ç moça young woman ça/ço/çu sounds like [s] city
CH cheque check sounds like [sh]

she

D data date sounds like [d] day
E letra, você letter, you sounds like [e] them
leite milk sounds like [ee] at the end, if unstressed cheese
festa, café

party, coffee

sounds like [e] bed
F faca knife

sounds like [f]

for
G gato cat ga/go/gu sounds like [g] get
gelo ice ge/gi sounds like [g] beige
GU água water gua/guo sounds like [gw] Nicaragua
português Portuguese gue/gui sounds like [g] get
liniça sausage güe/güi sounds like [gw] Nicaragua
H hotel hotel h is always silent, except for borrowed words such as hall, hobby, etc. --
I camisa shirt

sounds like [ea]

meat
J

jornal

newspaper sounds like [g] beige
L laranja orange la/le/li/lo/lu sounds like [l]

like

Brasil Brazil al/el/il/ol/ul sounds like [w] few
LH trabalho work sounds like [ll] million
M mapa map sounds like [m] more
bom good sounds between m and n, similar to the French word bon --
N nada

nothing

sounds like [n] no
conta bill sounds like [n] contract
NH amanhã tomorrow

sounds like [ng], similar to the French words Avignon and champagne

--
O bonito, avô pretty, grandfather sounds like [o] know
livro book sounds like [w or o] at the end, if unstressed boo/know
moda, avó fashion, grandmother sounds like [aw] law
P pato duck sounds like [p] pie
Q quase almost qua/quo sounds like [kw] quick
aqui here que/qui sounds like [k] key
cinenta fifty qüe/qüi sounds like [kw] quick
R recibo receipt similar to [h] sound holiday
honra honor similar to [h] sound, if preceded by n holiday
carta letter sounds like [r], similar to the English or French r morning or jour
caro expensive similar to [r] sound Mary
RR carro car similar to [h] sound holiday
S sopa soup at the beginning sounds like [s] sea
cansado tired if preceded by l/n/r sounds like [s] sea
inglês English after vowels sounds like [s] must
casa house between vowels sounds like [z] zero
SC piscina swimming pool

sce/sci sounds like [s]

sea
dea go down sça/sço sounds like [s] sea
SS assado roasted sounds like [s] sea
T tomate tomato sounds like [t] top
U uva grape sounds like [w] boo
V você you sounds like [v] verb
X xico Mexico sounds like [sh] she
caixa box/cashier after ai/ei sounds like [sh] she
xi taxi sounds like [ks] taxi
próximo next sounds like [s] city
excelente excellent exce/exci sounds like [s] city
texto text excl/exp/ext sounds like [s] must
exame exam exa/exe/exi/exo/exu sounds like [z] zero
Z zero zero before a vowel sounds like [z] zero
feliz happy after a vowel sounds like [s] must
Remark: The letter x has several different pronunciations.

Clickfor MP3 audio files

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3. Regional Pronunciations

For the letters r/s/x/z there are two big regional differences in pronunciation between São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. Both pronunciations are correct.

Tip: Be aware that there is this difference. Learn to distinguish between them and choose one of the easiest for you.

LETTERS PORTUGUESE ENGLISH
R carta letter
S inglês English
X sexta-feira Friday
Z feliz happy
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4. Accents used in Portuguese

ACCENT INDICATES
(´) acute the pronunciation is open as in café (coffee), avó (grandmother).
(^) circumflex the pronunciation is closed as in você (you), avô (grandfather).
(`) grave a contraction of the preposition a and the definite article a = à (to).

(~) tilde

a nasal sound as in mão (hand).
(..) two dots the letter u is pronounced as in tranqüilo (quiet).
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5. Similarities between Portuguese and English

Even though English is not a Latin language, there are more similarities between Portuguese and English than you might imagine.
Below you will find a table with Portuguese endings and their corresponding forms in English. Pronunciation and stress can sometimes be very different from English and you may find some exceptions, but in general you should not have a problem if you are familiar with Portuguese.

You can expand your vocabulary very quickly if you know these endings.

PORTUGUESE

ENGLISH

acto/ato ecto/eto fato, impacto, compacto, contato, aspecto, projeto, objeto, direto act/ect fact, impact, compact, contact, aspect, project, object, direct

ado/ada

irritado/a, evaporado/a, limitado/a, sofisticado/a

ed

irritated, evaporated, limited, sophisticated

al/o

animal, total, capital, profissional, liberal, individual, radical, tradicional, nacional, natural, interno, político, típico

al

animal, total, capital, professional, liberal, individual, radical, traditional, national, natural, internal, political, typical

ante

/ente

ento

assistente, imigrante, elefante, importante, permanente, acidente, detergente, freqüente, cliente, paciente, estudante, presidente, violento, talento

ant

/ent

assistant, immigrant, elephant, important, permanent, accident, detergent, frequent, client, patient, student, president, violent, talent

ão

prisão, opinião, religião, região

on

prison, opinion, religion, region

ável/ível provável, inevitável, agradável, possível, responsável able/ible probable, inevitable, agreeable, possible, responsible

ção

condição, instrução, loção, negociação, reação, situação, comunicação, conversação, eleição, cooperação, solução, contradição, organização, exceção, qualificação, posição, informação, revolução, corrupção, operação, instituição, população

tion

condition, instruction, lotion, negotiation, reaction, situation, communication, conversation, election, cooperation, solution, contradiction, organization, exception, qualification, position, information, revolution, corruption, operation, institution, population

cia

/ça

assistência, violência, preferência, evidência, independência, experiência, inteligência, província, polícia, sentença, presença, justiça

ce

assistance, violence, preference, evidence, independence, experience, intelligence, province, police, sentence, presence, justice

cia

democracia, burocracia

cy

democracy, bureaucracy

dade

curiosidade, universidade, cidade, faculdade, sociedade, prioridade, comunidade, identidade, celebridade

ty

curiosity, university, city, faculty, society, priority, community, identity, celebrity

es

escândalo, estável, espírito, estado, estação, esporte, especial, estória

s

scandal, stable, spirit, state, station, sports, special, story

esso

sucesso, processo, acesso

ess

success, process, access

fia

geografia, fotografia, caligrafia, filosofia

phy

geography, photography, calligraphy, philosophy

fone

telefone, microfone

phone

telephone, microphone

gem

massagem, garagem, imagem, mensagem

age

massage, garage, image, message

gia

tecnologia, biologia, sociologia

gy

technology, biology, sociology

ia/io

família, agência, emergência, indústria, companhia, secretária, adultério, adversário, necessário, aniversário, mistério, categoria, história, estória, laboratório, território

y

family, agency, emergency, industry, company, secretary, adultery, adversary, necessary, anniversary, mystery, category, history, story, laboratory, territory

ico

dinâmico, romântico, público

ic

dynamic, romantic, public

isar/izar

analisar, batizar, legalizar, organizar

ise/ize

analyze, baptize, legalize, organize

ismo

turismo, patriotismo, comunismo

ism

tourism, patriotism, communism

ista

dentista, artista, analista, jornalista, especialista, turista, economista

ist/yst

dentist, artist, analyst, journalist, specialist, tourist, economist

ivo/iva

explosivo, primitivo, exclusivo, criativo, positivo, negativo, alternativa

ive

explosive, primitive, exclusive, creative, positive, negative, alternative

ma

programa, problema, dilema, trauma, drama, sistema, cinema

am/em ma

program, problem, dilemma, trauma, drama, system, cinema

mente

exatamente, pessoalmente, inicialmente, recentemente

ly

exactly, personally, initially, recently

mento

investimento, monumento, momento, documento, instrumento, testamento

ment

investment, monument, moment, document, instrument, testament

ogo

diálogo, catálogo

ogue

dialogue, catalogue

or

vendedor, professor, diretor, sucessor, ator

or

vendor, professor, director, successor, actor

oso/o

famoso, curioso, generoso, nervoso, próspero, sério, tremendo

ous

famous, curious, generous, nervous, prosperous, serious, tremendous

ro

centro, membro, teatro, termômetro

er

center, member, theater, thermometer

são

conclusão, expansão, evasão, fusão, confusão, televisão, decisão

sion

conclusion, expansion, evasion, fusion, confusion, television, decision

ssão

permissão, missão, expressão, discussão

ssion

permission, mission, expression, discussion

ta

diplomata, astronauta

at/aut

diplomat, astronaut

ura

/uro

cultura, agricultura, escultura, miniature, arquiterura, futuro

ure

culture agriculture, sculpture, miniature, architecture, future

uto

minuto, instituto, substituto

ute

minute, institute, substitute

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6. More examples of similar words

PORTUGUESE

ENGLISH

area area

arte

art

câmera

camera

causa cause
chance chance

classe

class

concerto

concert

crime

crime

fan

filme

film

horror

horror

hotel

hotel

idéia

idea

líquido

liquid

lista

list
mapa

map

método method
moderno modern
música

music

perfume

perfume

foto

photo

planeta planet
popular popular

produto

product

rádio radio
reforma

reform

serviço

service

vítima victim
  

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